Scientific name Ovis arie
Sheep is a mammal from the order of ungulates, from the group of ungulates, from the group of ruminants and from the family of cattle. This animal is domesticated to use its wool, milk and meat and is kept in large herds. Some breeds of male sheep have diagonal, circular and twisted horns, and in this case they are called ram or rock; But a female sheep of any breed is generally called a sheep.
All kinds of races
1 Breeding breeds – meat
2 wool breeds
2.1 Breeds with high quality wool
2.2 Breeds with relatively fine wool
2.2.2 Finn sheep
2.3 Long wool breeds
2.4 crossed wool breeds
2.4.5 Tar ghee
2.4.7 Southdaie whistle
2.5 breeds of carpet wool
2.6 Skin race
2.7 meat breeds
Breeding breeds – meat
The birthplace of this breed is the Volga Valley in the northeast of Moscow in Russia.
The Romanov breed is unique among all sheep breeds in the world in terms of the number of multiple births. The record of 9 twins in Russia and 7 twins in America is among the world records of this breed. The record of 14 lambs in two consecutive births of one ewe of this breed has also been recorded in many countries. 4, 5 and 6 twins are very common in the Romanov breed.
A Romanov ewe easily takes care of all her lambs, and even other lambs in the flock, and produces enough milk for them if fed properly. Romanov’s birth usually takes place easily and without the need for special care, and the mother ewe has a unique maternal feeling.
Romanov ewe and ram are ready to mate in all seasons and there is no need to wait for spring or autumn. With proper management, the Romanov ewes will give birth 3 times in two years and quickly add to the flock population.
The Romanov ram with high sexual instinct has the ability to impregnate 60 to 70 ewes. And since it is able and willing to mate all year round, and 50% of the lambs resulting from the intercourse of this ram with the local herd also have the properties of multiple births. They are very high, they are an excellent option to increase herd productivity and profitability even in difficult domestic and foreign economic conditions with the lowest cost.
In many countries of the world, purebred Romanov rams are replaced by local herd rams in order to take advantage of the properties of multiple births and constant estrus of this breed and to adapt to the environment of the local herd at the same time. At the same time, the replacement of the entire flock is very expensive, and the production F1 (the result of the Romanov ram mixed with the local ewe) has very similar properties to the pure Romanov ewe, and there is no need to replace the entire flock.
Breeds with high quality wool
Merinos originate from Spain. There are three types of Merinos named B, A and C. Type A and B have wrinkled skin, and type A has more wrinkled skin than B. Merino with wrinkled skin is known as American Merino. Type C merino is called Delaine merino, which has very few skin folds. Deline merino wool is white, its growth is about 6.4 to 7.6 cm per year. Merino rams are horned and its ewes are hornless. Merinos are medium in size and have a lean body. The Deline Merino is larger than the regular Merino. Merinos have a strong herding instinct, capable of grazing in poor pastures.
The origin of this breed is France. This breed is derived from the Spanish Merino. About half or more of the crossbred sheep in the United States are of the Rambouillet breed. Rambouillet is famous for its fine wool. The color of this breed is white and its size is large. This breed has an angular and blocky body as well as a meatier carcass than Merinos; But in terms of meat quality, it is not suitable compared to the breeds that are bred for meat production. The rams of this breed are horned or hornless, but all its ewes are hornless. Their wool growth is about 8.9 cm per year.
The origin of this breed is America. It is an improved breed from the crossing of Ramboille and Merinos Delain. The development of this breed has started in New Mexico. Deboilt is adapted to the conditions of the western American pastures. The size of this breed is medium, it has an angular body and its color is white. The rams of this breed are horned or hornless, but its ewes are hornless. Soft and long wool fibers make its wool valuable.
Breeds with relatively fine wool
Dorset originates from the south of England. He has a medium height and a blocky body type. It has white ears, nose, face and feet. Dorset is both horned and hornless. This breed has medium coarse wool. Picked Dorset wool is light weight and averages 3.6-3.2 kg. This breed produces meat carcasses.
The origin of this breed is Finland. It is small in size and ears, nose,